It’s easy to see why the River Birch tree is so popular—its unique, delicate curling bark naturally peels to expose beautiful flakes of cinnamon and it can be seen boosting the character of landscapes anywhere from the Deep South to the Great Lakes!
The cinnamon-colored, peeling bark of this birch is what makes it a spectacular addition to landscapes in the winter. The River Birch features lustrous, medium-green leaves and it is the most borer resistant birch. This means it is least likely to get torn by wood destroying organisms.
Likely to be found on river bank and streams, this reddish brown tree grows well in a variety of conditions and has an attractive, exfoliating bark. A great choice for most places in the United States. Exactly as its name states, it is a semi aquatic tree meaning it likes to grow near bodies of water and controls erosion.
River Birch Care
Tolerant of both wet, moist soils and is heat tolerant in dry summers. The River Birch prefers alkaline soils so be sure to test your soil pH when planting trees.
The river birch will grow up to 40 to 70 feet tall. The River Birch growth rate is extremely fast in addition to its heat tolerance. The River birch betula nigra grows up to 1-3 feet per year. Its life is short, but it grows fast and provides privacy quickly.
River Birch does not do well in partial shade, a characteristic of “pioneer” species (plants that are the first to colonize an open habitat) so be sure to plant this type of tree in an area exposed to full sun. Once established, this giant will become an excellent shade tree.
River Birch fruit appears in the fall season, is cone shaped and a little over an inch long. The cone contains plentiful seeds that are hairy and that travel by wind and water. This fast growing tree is the only spring-fruiting birch and the only native birch whose range includes the southeastern coastal plain. It grows best in plant hardiness USDA growing zones 4-9.
This River Birch tree for sale is rooted in its container with soil. These are not bare root trees.
- Showy bark
- Yellow fall color
- Fast growing
- Shade tree