The Schilling Holly, also known as Dwarf Yaupon Shrub, is a favorite among gardeners. Ilex Schilling is used as a small hedge, border plant, or foundation plant due to the dense rounded form it maintains. It gives off the impression of being professionally shaped without any formal cutting.
The Schilling plant produces medium sized, dark green leaves with a small oval shape that have a reddish cast when plants are young. The branches are coated with silvery, gray bark. It is not a deciduous holly and the evergreen leaves will stay on the plant throughout the year.
Small white flowers appear in spring on both female and male plants, but are somewhat inconspicuous. After the flowers bloom, bright red berries appear on only female plants. Birds and other wildlife love the berries!
Fun fact: the Yaupon Holly shrub is native to southeastern North America and can be found growing wild in Florida and neighboring states! The green foliage is traditionally used by Native Americans as a drinkable tea which contains more caffeine than coffee. Its botanical name is Ilex vomitoria because if drank in too large of a quantity it can induce vomiting.
How To Care for Holly Plant
This shrub isn’t picky about soil type and will thrive in both dry and wet conditions equally well. Salt tolerant and drought tolerant once established, the Schilling often forms into a thick, low-maintenance and uniformly green groundcover.
The Schilling Holly prefers full sun to partial shade. In light shade, the plant may produce no berries but will keep a small growing nature. Plants grow to the location they are planted in.
The Schilling Dwarf Holly shrub can grow up to 4-7 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide making it perfect for formal hedges because of the height and spread. The fast growth rate can grow so fast in full sun that it may require infrequent pruning lightly to keep desired shape.
Grow this holly shrub across the United States in USDA growing zones 6-9.
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Ilex vomitoria 'Schilling's Dwarf'
- Drought tolerant
- Salt tolerant
- Low maintenance
- Easy care foundation plant