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Grapes are a fun and easy fruit to grow at home. Quick to grow & produce, they give home gardeners many options to reap the benefits of. Whether you are a fan of wine, grape jelly, or grape juice — there is something for everyone when growing grapes.
What Are the Best Grape Vines to Buy Online?
Grapes belong to the genus Vitus. Most grapes found in the grocery store or used to make wine, juice, and jelly come from variations of Vitus vinifera. They are native to Europe and Asia.
If you are from the South, you may be familiar with Muscadine grapes, aka Vitus rotundifolia. Native to the Americas, these thick-skinned and very sweet grapes tolerate heat and are incredibly long-lived. They make a lovely, fruit-forward wine. Muscadine grapes are vigorous growers and can be used to create a visual screen in the landscape in the warmer months.
Grape leaves from V. vinifera, bunch grapes, are used in recipes from the Mediterranean and Middle East regions and are typically rolled and stuffed with meat and rice. Leaves can be as large as six inches. Grow your own grape leaves for a culinary treat. Muscadine grapevines typically have smaller leaves and are not used as often in cooking.
Muscadine varieties are usually not seedless. Read more about How to Grow Muscadine Grapes in our blog!
Both types of grapes are deciduous, and bunch grapes, in particular, can turn stunning colors in autumn. They grow at prolific rates and you can see growth rates of 5 + feet per year.
Caring for Grape Vines Bought Online
Planting & caring for grape vines is easy! Keep your last frost date in mind. Potted grapes should only be planted after the last frost date has passed. Bareroot plants can be planted as early as you can work the soil, typically early to mid-spring in your area.
Grapes can be grown on almost any soil–sandy, loamy, or even clay. Most grapes do not like their feet wet, so plant them on a slightly raised berm or ridge of soil if drainage is a problem. Grapes like soil somewhat acidic. A pH of 5.5 to 6.5 is considered ideal. Don’t mulch around the base. Mulch lowers soil temperature, and grapes like to be warm.
Grapes need full sun to thrive and ripen fruit. Look for a location that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight per day; 8 hours is better. More sun = more grapes for you. Muscadines are typically hardy only to about USDA zone 7. Vitus vinifera varieties have been developed by several breeders, including the University of Minnesota grape breeding program to be hardy as cold as zone 3.
Fertilize in the spring if necessary with a general-purpose fertilizer. Grapes are indeterminate growers, meaning they will continue to grow all season. Fertilizing in late summer will cause the plant to continue to make new growth into fall when it should be hardening off for the winter.
How Far Apart Do You Plant Grape Vines?
Many factors go into the spacing of grapevines. Keep in mind that some varieties, especially Muscadines, can grow quite large, but most are kept trained and pruned on a trellis or arbor of some kind.
In general, allow at least 6 feet of row space per vine for most trellising methods.
Fast Growing Grape Vines
Grapes are prolific growers and you can see heights of 3-5 feet per year or more when grown in the correct conditions. Fast growing grapes are important to add to your landscape so you get fruit sooner and with ease!
Are Grape Vines Self Pollinating?
Grape flowers are small and often go unnoticed. Most grape varieties are self-fertile and have flowers with male and female parts. They will pollinate each other but having more than one grape vine plant nearby will help with fruit set and you'll produce more fruit!
Shop our large grape vines for sale today and be sure to check out the rest of the fruit and nut trees in the collection!