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The luscious and delicious pomegranate is a long-celebrated fruiting tree. It is renowned around the world for its medicinal benefits and health properties.
The tree itself is a treasured ornamental, sure to make any yard stand out from the rest. Whether you’re simply wanting to beautify your landscape or you’re interested in growing your own fruit, planting a pomegranate tree is a great place to start.
Pomegranate Trees: Features and Highlights
Native to Iran and parts of India, the pomegranate tree has an affinity for dry, subtropical growing conditions. Cultivation began some 3,000 years ago. Today, the growing of pomegranates extends into Asia, the Mediterranean, Africa, Southern Europe, and the Americas. Though the tree can be grown in numerous regions, hot and arid climates produce the best fruit.
Pomegranate Leaves Description
Technically, the pomegranate is a densely growing shrub that reaches 6 to 12 feet tall. However, it is most often trained into a tree for optimal cultivation purposes. The 3-inch glossy green leaves of the pomegranate are narrowly ovoid and pointed, much like a spear tip.
Pomegranate Flower Description
Blooms of the pomegranate tree are bright orange-red and have contrasting yellow interiors. The flowers form long tubelike structures that support lavishly flaring petals at the end. These vivacious flowers are full of stunning personalities and begin to adorn the tree in May.
Pomegranate Fruit Description
The delicious fruit of the pomegranate tree features a tough rind exterior, much akin to smooth leather. In color, the exterior skin varies between orange and red with perhaps hints of purple, depending upon the quality of the fruit.
Upon opening the fruit, there are multiple chambers delicately separated by white, easily torn membranes. Each chamber contains innumerable ruby red seeds. The jewel-like seeds are enveloped by fleshy red coatings called arils. This thick coating is also the highly prized flesh and juice of the fruit.
In size, the fruit is comparable to an orange. These glossy fruits mature July through November in cooler climates but may produce year-round in warmer ones. They are ready to harvest when a deep luxurious-red color develops.
Pomegranate Fruit Benefits
The inner arils of the fruit can be eaten whole, or they can be squeezed to extract the sweet juice they contain. The skin or rind of the fruit can be dried and used as a medicinal tea or potpourri. Best of all, pomegranates are loaded with antioxidants, vitamin C, folic acid, vitamin K, and beneficial dietary fiber.
All About Pomegranate Tree Landscaping
In warmer climates, these plants are excellent as a continuous bordering shrub, or they can be trained into trees. If grown in colder climates, pomegranates must be brought indoors to overwinter, and therefore do best in large containers.
How to Plant Pomegranate Trees
The pomegranate tree rarely deals with disease or pests. In the event of a fungal infection, a copper-based fungicide can be used. Similarly, sulfur dust can be used to combat mites and other pests.
Pomegranate Growing Zones
Pomegranates grow best in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 11. Though they are deciduous, in warmer climates they may be considered evergreen.
We also offer the Russian Cold Hardy Pomegranate for growers in colder climates.
How Much Sun Does a Pomegranate Tree Need?
Pomegranates prefer full sun, at least six hours per day.
Watering Pomegranate Trees
Without regular rainfall, pomegranates need deep watering every 7 to 10 days. As pomegranate fruit matures, watering can be reduced to improve the overall quality and taste of the fruit. Additionally, pomegranates are drought tolerant.
Well trained and full grown pomegranate trees, on average, reach to be about 16 to 23 feet tall. The shrubs are shorter and have a 4 to 15 foot spread. For a continuous hedge, plants should be spaced 6 to 9 feet apart. For orchards, space trees 10 to 16 feet apart with a space of 13 to 20 feet between rows. You can expect your first harvest after about 3 years.
Best Soil for Pomegranate Tree & Fertilization Information
Pomegranates prefer rich loamy soil that drains well and has a pH between 5.5 – 7.0. During the first two years, when the plant is established, pomegranates benefit from annual fertilizing. Thereafter, little soil amendment is needed.
Pomegranate Tree Pruning
For trained trees, most branches need to be removed so that the plant can put all of its energy into building a sturdy trunk. Suckers must be routinely removed to improve fruit production. For pomegranate shrubs, annual pruning is needed for shaping and controlling overgrowth.
Pomegranates can be easily propagated by seed, or more commonly, from hardwood cuttings. This can be accomplished from January through February.
Planting should be performed in early spring after the threat of frost has passed. Typically, February through March are ideal times to plant when in warmer climate zones like Florida, Texas, and California.
Consider Adding a Pomegranate Tree to Your Garden!
Long held as a symbol of fertility, vigor, and marriage, pomegranates continue to this day to be a celebrated main staple and are found in kitchens and gardens the world over. To view our fine selection of pomegranate trees, order your pomegranate tree for sale today!
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