The weeping fig tree (Ficus benjamina), also known as Benjamin fig tree or simply ficus tree, is a very popular and easy-to-care-for houseplant. Of all the species in the genus Ficus, this one is the best for indoor cultivation. Learn how to care for a weeping fig indoors in this blog.
There are several different cultivars of Ficus benjamina to choose from. These differ mainly in the size, shape, color, and variegation of the leaves. A giant Benjamin Fig growing in the wild in Hawaii | Photo by Forest and Kim Starr | Licensed by CC Ficus trees can grow to more than 100 feet tall in their natural habitat in the jungles of Southeast Asia. But, we can keep our indoor ficus trees much smaller (just 4-6 feet tall is typical) with judicious pruning and properly sized pots. You can even grow ficus benjamina bonsai trees!
Ficus Benjamina CareHere are a few simple guideline to help you maintain a healthy and happy indoor ficus tree.
Ficus Benjamina Soil Type and FertilizerPlant your ficus tree in a humus-rich, well-drained potting medium, augmented with one-third cactus potting mix or bark chips to improve drainage. Do not fertilize a new ficus tree for the first six months. After that, apply a balanced indoor plant fertilizer as directed every month or so during the growing season.
Fig tree plants like moderately moist soil. Keep the soil just moist during the summer, and a little dryer in winter. Rainwater, which is slightly acidic, is preferred because ficus trees do best in slightly acidic soil and tap water will cause the potting soil to become alkaline. Ficus trees do not have to be misted as do some other indoor plants, but it doesn’t hurt. You can keep the glossy leaves dust-free and shiny by occasional wiping with a damp cloth. Aerial roots have begun to develop on this Weeping fig tree | Photo by Joegoauk Goa | Licensed by CC Ficus trees do well even when their root systems are crowded, and do not need to be repotted until you notice that new green leaves are becoming smaller and there is a general decline in vigor. When it is necessary to repot, choose a container a couple of inches larger until the desired size of your tree is reached. Once the ficus plant is as big as you want, repot to a container the same size every few years, but trim the roots back a little (up to 20%). Be sure to pick a container with a drainage hole, as too much water may lead to root rot. Underwatering and overwatering may lead to leaf drop.
If left in the same pot, ficus benjamina may develop aerial roots. These outer roots will grow outside of the branches on the above ground parts of the fig plant. Once long enough, they will anchor to the ground and start secondary growth.
Weeping Fig Light RequirementsThis indoor potted Benjamin Fig tree house plant loves indirect sunlight. Ficus trees do best in bright indirect light, such as in front of a north- or east-facing window or a window that faces south or west whose light is filtered with a sheer curtain. Ficus trees can get by with less light than almost any other indoor tree. They don’t have to be exactly in front of that window. If artificial light is all that’s available, provide at least 400 foot-candles.
Ficus trees like growing conditions to be warm and high humidity. For best results, provide daytime temperatures around 75°-85°F and nighttime temperatures around 65°-75°F.
Weeping Fig Tree PruningEventually, your ficus tree will need to be pruned. Pinch off the top of the main stem when the tree has reached the desired height. Prune back branches that are too long. You can even cut a ficus tree back to a just a few inches above the soil line, and start training all over again, selecting which new branches to keep. Do any repotting and pruning in spring so the tree will have a whole growing season to recover.
Ficus Benjamina Diseases and PestsFig trees are occasionally attacked by insect pests such as aphids, mealy bugs, scale insects, spider mites, or whiteflies. Inspect the leaves and young stems regularly, and if signs of infestation occur, spray or wipe down the leaves with insecticidal soap or neem oil. You can make your own bug killing solution by adding two teaspoons of mild liquid soap such as Dawn® or Castile® to one quart of water.
The ficus tree is one of the most popular indoor plants for floral design. With weeping fig care being relatively easy, it should be a breeze to grow. Try growing one in your homescape!
Check out our other blog on Caring for Indoor Plants.